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Major Wars Of 20th Century

Chinese Civil War

Years 1945 1950 Battle deaths 1,200,000 The Chinese Civil War was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (the Nationalist Party; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It began with the takeover of the KMT by the right wing General Chiang Kai shek and purges of leftist and Communist members in 1926 and ended in 1949 with an unofficial cessation of major hostilities, with the Communists controlling mainland China and the Nationalists controlling Taiwan, Penghu, and several outlying Fujianese islands.